پایان نامه با کلید واژگان Technology، evaluation

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Abstract
Experimental Study of Liquid & Sand Erosion in Pipe Lines
By
Mehdi Mohammadi Rahaghi
In this work the created erosion by the movement of two phase fluids in pipelines has been investigated. The main fluid is consisted of liquid and solid phase. The liquid phase is water, and the solid phase is sand particles. In this work, the effective parameters on erosion rate such as: fluid velocity, sand size, sand concentration, hardness and density of metal, have been studied. To find out the erosion rate, ring coupons of two kind of carbon steel and aluminium in six different location in pipe line (in accordance with operational production and oil material transition) have been employed.
At first, liquid erosion velocities (single phase) are measured in six locations. And in next stage, erosion of two phase fluid has been evaluated. In each stages, the data which are obtained from experiments are compared with available standard data and some recommendations are proposed. Then a mathematical model for evaluation of erosion rate by means of experimental data and use of genetic algorithm in MATLAB software (differential evolution method) has been presented. By comparison of mathematical model with experimental data, we find out that the proposed model is able to predict the experimental data with good Satisfaction.
Key words: sand erosion, ring coupon, erosion rate, genetic algorithm.
Shiraz University
Faculty of Gas, Petroleum and Chemical Engineering
M.Sc. Thesis in Chemical Engineering
Experimental study of liquid & sand erosion in pipe lines
By
Mehdi Mohammadi Rahaghi
Supervisor
Dr. Fereydoun Esmaielzadeh
Dr. Daryoosh Mowla
February 2015
1 corrosion
1 erosion
1 Gas condensate
1 wax
1 hydrate
1 Natural gas
1 H__ S
1 Galvanic corrosion
1 Uniform corrosion
1 polarization
1 Concentration cell corrosion
1 Pitting corrosion
1 Stainless steel
1 Intergranular corrosion
1 Stress corrosion
1 Erosion Corrosion
1 Fretting
1 Choke
1 Full bore
1 Elbow
1 Reducer
1 Mitre elbow
1 Sand erosion
1 Liquid droplet erosion
1 Erosion corrosion
1 Cavitation
1 Slug flow
1 Sand concentration
1 Velocity
1 Viscosity
1 Density
1 Thershold velocity
1 Critical velocity
1 Russell
1 Micro meter
1 Momentum
1 Finnie
1 Single phase
1 Multiphase
1 IPS
1 Drag
1 Sand plug
1 Nickel
1 Iron
1 Carbon steel
1 Brittle materials
1 Ductile materials
1 Gas condensate
1 API
1 Shinoo gaya
1 Salama
1 Salama & Venkatesh
1 Eswedimen & Arnold
1 Aluminium
1 lead
1 Finnie
1 Bitter
1 Ultrasonic signal
1 Electrical resistance probe
1 Electrochemical probe
1 Gama & X Ray Topography (GRT)
1 Coupon
1 Disc coupon
1 Strip or blade Coupon
1 Coupon holder
1 ER Probe
1 Sensing Element
1 Uniform distribution
1 Piezoelectric
1 Intrusive probe
1 SEM Analyse
1 Slug Catcher
1 Tungstan Carbide
1 Computational Fluid Dynamic
1 Finnie
1 Bitter
1 Sheldon
1 Brittle material
1 Ductile material
1 Salama
1 Vankatesh
1 Bourgoyne
1 Wang
1 Tulsa University
1 Erosion/Corrosion Research Center
1 shirazi
1 Russell
1 Sand Production Pipe Saver
1 Mc Laury
1 Zhang
1 Azimian
1 Bart
1 Huser
1 Kvernvold
1 GRP
1 Semi rounded
1 Set up
1 Coupon Holder
1 Clamp
1 Fully develop
1 Flow rate
1 Design of experiment
1 DE
1 Genetic Algorithm
1 MATLAB
1 IPS
1 Reynolds Number
1 SEM Analysis
1 Chromosome
1 Crossover
1 Mutation
1 Cost Function
1 Random Answer
1 Differential Evolution
1 Population
1 Random
1 Iteration
1 Selection function
1 Cross-over
1 Mutation
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